[NIP-32] List a Balancer USDC/USDC.e/USDT/DAI leveraged vault on Arbitrum


We propose listing a USDC Aura leveraged vault on Notional V3 Arbitrum. The vault would allow users to borrow USDC from Notional’s Arbitrum deployment at a fixed or variable rate and LP the proceeds in the Aura boosted Balancer USDC/USDC.e/USDT/DAI pool to earn yield.

Context and objectives

As part of growing Notional V3, it is important that the DAO explores how it can offer attractive yield opportunities to Notional’s non-US users. Such opportunities will likely increase borrowing activity on Notional and therefore increase rates at which lenders can lend. The USDC/USDC.e/DAI/USDT 4 pool Aura boosted Balancer pool on Arbitrum has been yielding on average 8% over the past 30 days. The Balancer pool currently holds $5M in TVL.


We propose listing a USDC leveraged vault using the Aura boosted Balancer USDC/USDC.e/USDT/DAI pool as a strategy. We propose listing that leveraged vault strategy with the following parameters:

Vault Parameters Proposed Value
LiquidationRate 1.02 (2%)
MinCollateralRatioBPS 0.11
MaxDevelerageCollateralRatioBPS 0.17
MaxRequiredAccountCollateralRatioBPS 1.00
Maximum vault capacity 300,000 USDC
Minimum borrow size 5,000 USDC
feeRate5BPS 10 (50 BPS)
ReserveFeeShare 80%
Strategy Parameters Proposed Value
maxPoolShare 20%
oraclePriceDeviationLimitPercent 1.00%

By adding this leveraged vault strategy to Notional, the protocol will effectively accept Balancer USDC/USDC.e/USDT/DAI pool tokens as collateral. We propose setting the maximum vault capacity at 300,000 USDC to cap the maximum amount of USDC that can be borrowed from Notional to enter that specific strategy. Additionally, we propose setting the maximum pool share at 20% such that users won’t be able to enter the vault if the protocol already holds more than 20% of balancer USDC/USDC.e/USDT/DAI pool tokens.

We propose setting the maximum leverage at 10X such that if a user deposits 10,000 USDC, he can at a maximum borrow 90,000 USDC from Notional to LP in the Balancer 4 token pool. This maximum leverage ratio (minimum collateral ratio) aims to protect the protocol against a large decrease in the pool’s token value. Setting the strategy’s maximum leverage ratio at 10X ensures the protocol would be protected against a decrease of -8.1% in the pool’s token value (4 pool BPTs) relative to the vault’s borrow currency (USDC). Historically, the pool’s individual token worst maximum drawdown over a 1 hour period was -3.7% and -10.5% over a 24H period. It’s important to note that the vault’s maximum leverage ratio is set as a precautionary buffer to protect the protocol and that it is unlikely that the value of pool tokens will decline by such a magnitude relative to users’ debts.

We propose setting the MaxDeleverageCollateralRatio at 0.17, this implies that a liquidator can lower an account’s leverage ratio to 6.9X if it ever breaches the max leverage ratio of 10X. This ratio is set such that an account that gets liquidated will subsequently be able to withstand another large decrease in the strategy token price before becoming eligible for liquidation again thereby lowering the risk of an account being liquidated multiple times in a short period of time.

We propose setting the minimum borrow size at 5,000 USDC and the vault liquidation discount at 2%. These parameters aim to maximize the likelihood of successful liquidations under stressed market conditions. To do so, a liquidator’s revenue from the liquidation discount must be sufficient to cover liquidation expenses (gas cost, slippage, Dex fee, price basis). By setting the minimum borrow size at 5,000 USDC and the liquidation discount at 2%, liquidators will likely receive at a minimum 40 USDC. Based on historical market conditions such a liquidation discount will likely cover a liquidator’s expenses under most scenarios.

We propose setting the leveraged vault fee at 0.50% such that borrowers will pay a 0.50% premium on their borrow rate when entering the vault. We propose setting the reserve fee share at 80% such that 80% of the borrow premiums will go to Notional reserves and 20% are paid to nUSDC holders.

We propose setting the oraclePriceDeviationLimitPercent to 1.00%. The oraclePriceDeviationLimitPercent prevents users from entering or exiting the vault if the implied pool prices deviate from the oracle prices by more than 1%. This parameter mitigates oracle attack vectors while being flexible enough to ensure user can enter and exit the vault even if oracle prices slightly deviate from on-chain prices in between updates.


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